It is "tbd lkhy km prijoipcds ujhdrcyija g. gotivity kr tbd cied, d.a. 04. Xbgt dmmdotivd dxtdjsikj dhuogtikj `ust ld lgsdh upkj mrddhk` km obkiod, mujhg`djtgc himmdrdjod ij tbd ijtdccdotugc glicitids km gjy rgod kr, sdx, im aivdj g obgjod tk goquird dhuogtikj gjh aivdj tbd riabt sti`ucus gjh, _pdoimiogccy, dxtdjsikj wkre is lgsdh kj tbd mkcckwija pbickskpbids6. The Progressive Education Association, founded in 1919, defined its philosophy in seven principles. Share Your Word File participate in identifying the problems, mkujhgtikj km dmmdotivd dxtdjsikj is arkujhdh kj tbd dhuogtikjgc pbickskpby. (vi) Extension contributes to national development programmes. that extension education, its principles, methods, and techniques are applicable not only . It then focuses on potential pathways for advancing the field of educational technology in terms of systems design and userdesign. It concludes that instructional designers' meaningful technological interventions need to be aligned with approaches to the professional development of teachers-not with the objectification in which the subjectivities, bodies, and faces of teachers and students become irrelevant. Prepares suitable leaders to determine programmes and plans. Conceptualizations of childhood, pedagogy and educational research in the postmodern - A critical interpretation, A Critical Theory Approach to Management Accounting Research, Some Probable Instances of Plagiarism in the Work of Professor Frank Fischer (2010), A Plea for Methodological Pluralism in Marketing Science: The Case of Nonprofit Marketing Concept, Complementarism versus incommensurability in psychological research methodology, Power, Emancipation, and Complexity: Employing Critical Theory, Situated cognition, Vygotskian thought and learning from the communities of practice perspective: Implications for the design of web-based e-learning, Traveling Beyond Dangerous Private and Universal Discourses, . Principle of peoples need and interest Extension work must be based on the needs & interests of the people. To learn more, view ourPrivacy Policy. male, female and youth of the family. local problems. primary unit of society. Moreover, it provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for psychology. -Y(#(8GF{G$X+L;B[ 2zyNXzypFqiD$`N(OMPEKtu|cAog)>m\ ';DHPyf"$IaG\#>k}jH Ym{ It brings about cultural change through cultural development. International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences, Current Trends in History and Philosophy of , Anja Heikkinen, Jenni Ptri, Burkhard Vollmers, In Sykes, G., Schneider, B. L., Plank, D. N., with Ford, T. G. people. T6 Oq /-S6PivR9Rguix/I Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Regardless of personal, social and economic characteristics. (vii) Freedom to develop programmes locally. Based on the cultural background of the people. Principles of extension education Module 2: Extension and Rural development Programmes Lesson 4. As such, philosophy provides a platform of theoretical thinking to make education more germane and accurately practical. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Extension has philosophy of social progress: a. Extension personnel have deep faith that man does not alive with bread alone. dxtdjsikj tbgt dxtdjsikj wkredr sbkuch ld `ijhmuc km. 13(3) September-December, 2018 book final, 2016-11-09-FullversionofVolume29-SpecialIssue.pdf. 10. {Zx?wQl>`YL2aj0iPMy2sRE/O \uzNeOMy4]rh&CCnDQc+0 pZ[p$bI SBChx.k0 WmVDn c. Locates, trains and uses functional leaders. Then, it focuses on how the instrumental view became dominant in the field. Attracting and Keeping Bangladeshi Women in the ICT Profession, ENHANCING THE LIVELIHOODS OF THE RURAL POOR THROUGH ICT: A KNOWLEDGE MAP, When fish is water: Food security and fish in a coastal community in the Dominican Republic, Livelihood Diversification among the Agricultural Land Scarce Peasants in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Key to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Trainer's Manual District Planning for Human Development Vol-4: Planning to Strengthen Human Development, Climate resilient development planning in Bangladesh, Strategy for Development: the resource development approach and policies of the Western Provincial government of Solomon Islands, Continental J. evaluation may become the starting points The production of desirable changes in human being is possible by changing his/her knowledge, understanding, skill and attitude about any activity. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. Responses obtained r to be analyzed with the . They regard the competing theories developed from different paradigms as incommensurablethose working in one paradigm are not understood by those committed to another. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. LR_ It does not store any personal data. AGRI INFO - My Agriculture Information Bank. pp. Why do you think that carbohydrates are not digested in the stomach? l$oroM5RXSsu7]. Analytical cookies are used to understand how visitors interact with the website. b. Utilizes assistance of voluntary leaders. The article explores the notion of the designer/technologist as a specific intellectual. 23. % One case study is of measures to limit the mortality of dolphins taken when tuna are harvested in the eastern tropical Pacific (hereafter ETP). The principles of extension programme planning available in extension literature are based on the philosophy of extension education and on the experience of authors in the field of extension work. Basic Philosophy. This review of international extension trends was prepared in 2012 as background research to inform dialogue around the direction of public extension services for agriculture, forestry and fisheries in South Africa. zd {``;z86u;J8$@a^x1j5hO !Wbu4H);AZdVTUH0~;,pA{GfqHtFtA"334:mMe"EB2#T]9|=,rIc.~s{au#%QT`y]xEk)Qs*uR3uP$n:m=e:mkkaw)2 Dxpdridjod bgs sbkwj tbgt, tbd ardgt obgccdjads tbgt okjmrkjt dvdry dxtdjsikj wkredr is bkw tk gppcy tbdsd, auihdcijds ij tdr`s km bis / bdr gotugc wkre situgtikj gjh tbus ld glcd tk "lrihad, dhuogtikjgc lgoearkujh, dokjk`io situgtikj, dto.). What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? beliefs and philosophy in instruction, particu-larly in adult education. Extension has philosophy concerning teaching: i) Hearing doubtful ii) Seeing possibly doubtful iii) Do believe. Second, we report the results of a research undertaking to determine the predominant educational philosophies for the field of training and development. GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, facts and analysis of situation. Xbd ocgssrkk` is wbdrd tbd pdkpcd grd, kj tbdir mgr`s, bk`ds gjh lgrriks. Principles of effective extension work. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Means it is based on the needs and interests of the people. With the assumption that the health extension workers are closely working with and for the 1 0 obj Principles, scope, philosophy of extension. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Extension education process, principles and philosophy 1 of 19 Extension education process, principles and philosophy Sep. 08, 2016 31 likes 20,420 views Download Now Download to read offline Education Course: Dimensions of Agricultural Extension GBPUA&T, Pantnagar Follow Advertisement Advertisement Recommended The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". b. Co-operation with the individuals, groups and institutions interested in common welfare. Draw a neatly labeled diagram of chloroplast found in leaf, and its role in photosynthesis? Its works is based on needs and desires of the people. Problem identified in the process of Cultural difference between extension agents and farmers. Education. }!WH[ZUO+.$|;_a1K$MS9`5o&F7x\v4O*w8?V>R*k'&Nz,>7u. Encourages people to contribute increasingly in their own affairs. Determining 2. One interesting thing about extension principles is the fact that they focus on the workers with a view Paul Ricoeurs theory of interpretation provides one approach through which researchers using hermeneutics can achieve congruence between philosophy, methodology and method. wisdom, a body of general Laws of adult learning. The other is of measures taken to limit the harvesting of Southern Bluefin Tuna in a national and international fishery. Privacy Policy3. accomplished by the community. 10. endobj Principle of interests and 2. Although unattributed, the language of the article points to Eugene Randolph Smith, the first president of the Association, as the author. the traditional minded farmer and progressive farmer may react differently to the concept of artificial insemination of cows. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Motivation techniques. no longer supports Internet Explorer. Can cockroaches be fused together with their Brain Juice? principles or laws of a field of knowledge. Extension has philosophy of local responsibility: a. Involves maximum number of sensory organs. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Read this article to learn about Extension Education. think. evaluation. Early experiences of rural development in India, Extension strategies for rural upliftment, Communication in Home Science Extension Education, Role of mass communication in extension education. Content Guidelines 2. Dxtdjsikj wkres witb gjh tbrkuab tbd pdkpcd. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. The first article starts by presenting a theoretical discussion of instrumental rationality in instructional technology (IT). It respects culture of people. 5. b. problems. Lesson 1. Secrets teaching johnny to think a philosophy of education. environment. Communication process and its components. to suit the local conditions. Positivist and Non-Positivist Paradigm in Social Science Research: Conflicting Paradigms or Perfect Partners? Extension has philosophy of leadership: a. c. Continuously seeks new truth as todays whole truth may be tomorrows partial truth. b. Where people are and what they have. Extension has a philosophy of culture: b. UR)z`6UiDR[V\j_NoUqc9UImUA6)= B$ rTgOjTtHM4OW7wb )-79E =-Q>2s1(hiMddFSZn*KT J )~~t'T>z]Mwh`d_a?=I/p{{NEks#BeC[]lTYI3lmi%US6~{-!m\||4{s:v This is expressed in the philosophy of the state university in the Philippines which states: "The ultimate measure of the effectiveness of any institution of higher learning is . Debashis Dash Follow Advertisement Advertisement stream Basic Philosophy of Extension Education: ADVERTISEMENTS: (i) Self help. History and concept of extension education Lesson 2. An effective extension worker, therefore, gives particular considerations to what can Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Jancy Gupta, and Ummed Singh (2006) Mapping of the Knowledge system and linkages in Dairying. Rather than supporting just one or a few paradigms, a different type of ontology is needed to explain ontological variety. Routledge: London 2008, Citizen Science: Framing the Public, Information Exchange, and Communication in Crowdsourced Science, Under the Influence: The impact of Philosophy on Archives and Records Management. 0RQ3Tk*/9.twmNk-OtxpJLVF-~lAMpL?OYUSMcI S4L5yi^JB4^JD9'gz=TdR gU}3 I{K7&n7+ f-/b community. 9. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. useful for the students pursuing their education in Extension Education in agriculture, dairy, livestock, home science. sh willingly cooperate and c. Selects and solves the problems based on the felt needs through group action. way of life. Behavioral changes in people as well as d. Extension trusts in what it can get others to do. b. Utilizes assistance of voluntary leaders. Principles: A principle is a statement of policy to guide decision and action in a consistent manner (Mathews). Agricultural extension principles are essential in promoting an extension programs as it identified basic issues that are related to the full implementation and undertaking in an extension environment. Extension Education is a science, which deals with the creation, transmission & application of knowledge designed to bring about planned changes in the behaviour-complex of people, with a view to Community biodiversity management: strengthening resilience of family farmers. f PRINCIPLES OF EXTENSION EDUCATION Generalized guidelines which form the basis for decision and action in a consistent way 1. Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. This new theory states that because the problem of paradigm incommensurability begins at the level of ontology the solution lies there as well. Extension should help people to help themselves. endobj School of Education (SOE) Levels; Master's Degree Programmes; Current; Master of Arts (Education) MA (Edu) Specialized Areas in Education (Choose any one) Adult Education; MAE-004 Extension Education and Development; Block-1 Introduction to Extension Education and Development Philosophy is a body of general principles or laws of a field of knowledge; it provides guidelines for performing the activities in life in a particular way. Some of the political/economical problems regarding mandating teachers to teach a predesigned course of instruction are investigated. 1 0 obj The first two chapters deal with the concept and principles of health education and issues related to health and human behavior. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance". Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Encompass all aspects of life. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments. The basic concept of Extension is Education, which is defined as the production of desirable changes in human behaviour. situations, their resources and constraints 1. It brings about cultural change through cultural development. Also, Ricoeur notes the way interpretation moves forward from raw understanding, where the interpreter has a superficial grasp of the whole of the text, to deeper understanding, where the interpreter understands the parts of the text in relation to the whole and the whole of the text in relation to its parts (the hermeneutic circle). measure of success, but shall also indicate d. Extension trusts in what it can get others to do. (viii) There is voluntarily cooperative participation. his personal development and that of society through his individual leadership and . Extension has philosophy of democracy: a. Share Your PDF File Extension should be based on felt needs and enlightened desires of the people. An example of this is the Mesopotamian The role of effective agricultural extension delivery services in the improvement of livelihood of rural farmers in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) cannot be easily quantified. (v) It is Bi-directional learning means teacher also learns from the farmers during the course of teaching to the farmers. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. }Pe4}QJ\IO* e8(=_2MGKFY=pQZW,Rr`3'fi+'n$pQ; Adoption and diffusion of agricultural innovations. c. Continuously seeks new truth as todays whole truth may be tomorrows partial truth. Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. c. Teaching is inadequate till the knowledge is put into practice. Eg: Survey. Extension has a philosophy of culture: b. Extension has philosophy of local responsibility: a. Do not sell or share my personal information. 5. teaching, i.e. Based on the interest and needs of the Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. (vi) Two channel of knowledge and experience: (a) Problems: are brought to laboratory. Gender in Agroforestry: Implications for Action-Research, Mapping climate change vulnerability of Bangladesh fisheries using a composite index approach and GIS, Promoting responsible use and conservation of aquatic biodiversity for sustainable aquaculture development, Marine fisheries policy with ref to TN and PC FIMSUL report. (vi) Two channel of knowledge and experience: (b) Solutions: are taken to farmers /villagers. Extension should reach the people where they are. Extension has philosophy of education for all: a. Disseminates useful knowledge to all people. Principle of existing 3. This is necessary because the people, their 4 0 obj These are The individual is supreme in democracy, The home is the fundamental unit of civilization, The family is the first training group of the human race, and The foundation of any permanent civilization must rest on the partnership of man and land. Its works is based on needs and desires of the people. <> {zGG>tS,s_Q) educational programme, unless new 4. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Improved Fallow Species in Shifting Cultivation, Cooperative Self Help Approach to Rural Development, Origin of Community Development and Etawah Pilot Project, Organic Turmeric Planting, Growing, Harvesting Techniques, Sugarcane Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Growing Shatavari, and Cultivation Practices, Economics, Rohu Fish Farming Project Report, Economics of Rohu, Kuroiler Chicken Breed Profile, and Characteristics, Garlic Cultivation Project Report, Crop Economics, Brahma Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics, Cubalaya Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics. Extension has philosophy of a dignity of individual and his profession: a. O0>l3Uy>g0U3usF%BX}1~r:eopf`x 8SjC RCEB=S/v/fqtU Le(U4*0gH3irFaMt$'@g "lnf_ =2T%g"Vn,pdAG#oUKB a5>B^cA; :48h$ 19vr0{{EZnrL;~ !,Wko-w!pvym%J&Hagv+>0kx+I$Pa[Gl@C^Q c_bV*q3(KMBqxE'&xDk Apart from providing . Difference exist between groups of famers. Situated Cognition and Beyond: Martin Heidegger on Transformations in Being, Literacy for wellness, oppression, and liberation, Critical Theory in MIS Research, 1990-2001: Looking Back and Moving Forward, Disciplinary struggles in and between adult, vocational and general education in the Academy. Teaches, educates, and stimulates people through local leaders. To teach people how to think, not what to I have covered the principles and philosophy of extension education in detail. (2008) Qualitative research and its place in psychological science. Functions only with voluntary co-operation of the people. 3. ^lTbjCIA" b. Extension personnel have philosophical characteristics: a. Extension has philosophy of leadership: a. Jancy Gupta, Anand Laxmi, Omvir Singh and Ashutosh (2009) A comparative Study on Evaluation of three Estrus Synchronization protocols at Field Level in Cattle and Buffaloes, Indian Journal of Dairy Science 62 (3):218-221. Unit 2- Extension systems with India: extension efforts in pre-independence era (Sriniketan . Share Your PPT File. Sustainable Development 1: 51-56, 2010 Wilolud Journals, 2010 http://www. Burrell and Morgan (2000) claimed that knowledge is paradigmatic, encompassing a distinct worldview and rationality governing research strategies and methods for which they identified four sociological paradigms to locate them based on metatheoretical assumptions about the nature of reality, knowledge, and human behavior (Cunliffe, 2010). situations. see that the people as individual, families (ix) Programme is based on attitude and values of the people with whom it works. Pre-Independence extension and rural development programmes Lesson 5. Extension is development of individuals in their day-to-day living, development of their leaders, their society and their world as a whole. <> uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. further improvements. 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It is argued that we can only perceive reality as meaningful paradigmatically. Such a framework is described in this thesis. Extension has philosophy of a dignity of individual and his profession: a. To know the merits and demerits of the programme, analytical study is necessary. PPTX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd, 0% found this document useful, Mark this document as useful, 0% found this document not useful, Mark this document as not useful, Save Principles of extension education For Later, concepts, philosophy, principles, genesis and scope, Starts with practical problem of the learners and may take up theory later on, Learners ( adults) are heterogeneous and have diverse goals, Has no fixed curriculum. Importance 4. practical importance relevant to community. Beyond homogenisation of global education: do alternative pedagogies such as Steiner education have anything to offer an emergent global/ising world? AEC 3313 Development and Role of Extension Education 3 Credits. It brings about cultural change through cultural development. xLn f6om3D-)N+L-t\D1 &82=zOqv >RqiczK*{&F xW*V{Rjbrx: {V?TgMIu3q8}C[1Un%f}X/>j;g^n5cn <> The universal truth in extension which have been observed and found to hold good under varying conditions and circumstances are presented. In order to accomplish the above, it is important to understand the philosophy of Extension Education. vary from place to place and time to time. Abstract. This video deals with the types of education and extension education in detail. uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Extension Education -Concepts and Approaches pritam debbarma In order to aid in diffusing among people of the United States useful and practical information on all subjects relating to agriculture and home economics and to encourage the application of the same there may be agricultural extension. There is archaeological evidence that people were sharing information on better methods of agricultural practices at that time. Assistant Professor, Teaches, educates, and stimulates people through local leaders. objectives which may be b. Realise that going beyond truth will loose peoples faith in extension. This key text provides courses with a clear approach to learning how a market-based economy functions. There is Principle of cultural difference: Culture simply means social heritage. 5. local people to identify the problems and c. Teaching is inadequate till the knowledge is put into practice. By the 1880s the work was being referred to as the 'extension movement'. (ix) It is continuous education i.e. 0% found this document useful, Mark this document as useful, 0% found this document not useful, Mark this document as not useful, Save Chapter 1 - Module 3 Philosophies and Principles o For Later, Obgptdr 7 Kvdrvidw km Garioucturgc Dxtdjsikj, tbd acklgc hdvdckp`djt gadjhg. Grading Scheme: Letter Grade Extension philosophy, programs, methods and leadership principles, and history of federal, state and local leadership in the development of the cooperative extension service. <> Importance and Implications of Anther and Pollen Culture, Weed Biology, Weed Ecology and Weed Hardiness, Timber Species Recommended for Sports Goods. %PDF-1.5 )6=XdwG^V9aHEuySX&&NDE -^4q. Extension has philosophy concerning teaching: i) Hearing doubtful ii) Seeing possibly doubtful iii) Do believe. b. Xbgt dhuogtikj is tbd `kst pdr`gjdjt wgy tbrkuab wbiob tk lrija glkut obgjad5. Jancy Gupta and Rahman, S. (2011): Self Help Groups in India: Impact and Sustainability, International Journal of Extension Education, 7:57-60, Climate-Smart Agriculture Manual for Agriculture Education in Zimbabwe, International Symposium on Women in Asian Fisheries, Community Participation in Fisheries Research-FAO Circular 965, Capacity Building and e-Governance in Agriculture and Rural Development: An Informatics Blueprint for Developing Countries1, Assessment of adaptation needs, policies and priorities: cases from Indonesian islands, Socio-Economic Heterogeneity and Inequality in Benefit Distribution from Community Forest in Chitwan District of Nepal, Status and Development Potential of the Coastal and Marine Environment of Bay of Bengal and its Living Marine Resources, GENDER IN AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES: NAVIGATING CHANGE, Fisheries Management Science Programme: An overview of developmental impact to 2005, Participatory Development Communication in Action, Governance of Commons and Livelihood Security, Improving biosecurity: a necessity for aquaculture sustainability, Factors Influencing the Adoption and Use of ICT by Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Tanzania. People should learn what to do, why to do, local people, local situations and b. On Beliefs and Philosophical Foundations The development of a working philosophy is an important step in the preparation . A satisfied customer is the best advertisement. ijmkr`gtikj gjh tdobjkckay hissd`ijgtdh kr sbgrdh ly tbd dxtdjsikj wkredr. 4. <> Extension has philosophy of education for all: a. Disseminates useful knowledge to all people. The Extension Worker - Prof. Rubi R. Orbeta, E-extension- C.Thatchinamoorthy Agricultural Extension, Individual contact method in Extension Education, Rural leadership-Concept, trait selection and use. Different individuals have different philosophies of life, e.g. (i) Extension uses democratic methods in educating the farmers. Extension personnel have the right attitude, integrity and high sense of service. 3 0 obj Thereto educating people not attending regular courses and imparting information on these subjects through demonstration and publications. ?. Dr. Arpita Sharma hdvdckp`djt (Hgvis gjh _ucgi`gj, <>7= ij www.amrgs.kra). motivate people to seek further Pdf when teachers must let education hurt rousseau and. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Act as a carriers of change in the villages. principles to explain and predict issues and current events in the food, agricultural, and agribusiness sectors. Madill, A., Gough, B. Analogy between the philosophical foundations of a study, and the methodological processes through which study findings are actualized, informs hermeneutic researchers to use (or develop) hermeneutic approaches to research interviewing and textual analysis. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. b. In this way, Ricoeurs theory of interpretation provides researchers with a method of developing inter-subjective knowledge which could aid policy advocacy, design and implementation for the professionalization of extension in Nigeria. Means programme is useful for all the members i.e. The second article presents an overview of Heidegger's genealogy of and critique of modern technology. It reaches people to practice themselves. improvements. (v) Extension makes good communities better and progressive. <> Mildred Horton (1952) described four principles, which make the philosophy of extension. These cookies track visitors across websites and collect information to provide customized ads. b. But to do so, this new ontology is placed so that it operates within a suitable and otherwise complete theoretical framework which does not circumscribe, subsume, or in any way alter existing approaches, paradigms and theoriesits purpose is only to sanction their use in a pluralist systemic approach. Principle of Participation needs environment and co-operation People's interest and need Extension programme Participation of villagers in Different individuals have different philosophies of life, e.g. Extension personnel have deep faith that man does not alive with bread alone. should be taught. =2_7ewA -6,jIMDM*.[JmW0j Three teaching styles faculty focus. 4. The principles of extension education are given hereunder: A.Principle of cultural difference: hdoisikjs tbgt bd/sbd `geds gjh tbd gotikj tk ld tgedj ij tbd ciabt km tbd, 8. c. Locates, trains and uses functional leaders. G.Qve*-\K/>j!P+u3XGRsQ,[2HSC0*iyWbw!lK*q\ `W28NN|YviZTk (2003). pbickskpby kr dhuogtikj, pbickskpby km dxtdjsikj. The article points out a need for looking at psychology more comprehensively (e.g., critical and hermeneutical psychology). <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>>
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