At least nineteen medicinal plants have been identified in the Quran. The Quran is actually available in many languages, but these versions are regarded as interpretations rather than translations. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. The grape vine purifies the blood and assists digestion. The garden features trees including Vachellia oerfota, banana, eucalyptus, Christs thorn, Citrus medica, agarwood, figs, Lawsonia inermis, costus, Nitraria (Al Gharqad), olives, palms, tamarisk and Acacia tortilis. ", The garden drew upon the academic work of Indian scientist Dr MIH Farooqi and his writing for, . They have also been placed on Earth for the benefit of human and animal life, so beautifully illustrated in Surah Abasa: Then let man look at his food: We pour forth water in abundance. Some of the familiar names mentioned in the biblical texts are likely not what we have here. The shiny, leathery skin, once removed, reveals a myriad of cell-like juicy sacs with a fresh, sweet-sour pleasant taste (Katzer). A grain ends up with seven hundred grains reflect that one good work should be charged generously. National Library of Medicine Generally, biodiversity concerns the vast range of plants and animals currently alive, in which biodiversity is used in two contexts: the diversity of natural organism and the diversity of farmed crops or animals. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The beautiful flowers of the tree are also used to relieve sore eyes. Frequently, plants mentioned in the Quran as illustration, inspiration or as part of a definite story. government site. Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. Olive (Quran verse 7) Gardener's Path 4. Ayah 12 addressed the difference between husks and fragrant green leaves of grains. You can manage them any time by clicking on the notification icon. The oil softens the skin and can act as a laxative. Allah swears by the fig and the olive in Surah the Fig. Work has started on the third stage of the Dh26 million project in Al Khawaneej, due to launch in September 2015. It is said to strengthen muscles, activate thinking and stimulate memory, and is popularly known as philosophers food because of this. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance". It is the story of a man who has ten children. The garden is said to be missing two plants that are mentioned in the Holy Quran one being Al Zaqqum, a tree that grows in Hell, and the other Al Gharqad (Nitraria), the tree of the Jews, which grows only in Palestine. The variety of dates that are produced amount to 600 according to a report by the Agronomy and Range Science Management Department at the University of California. Epub 2022 Sep 9. Syrups 6.2. lohochs 6.3. A species in the onion genus, garlic is known to be effective against microbes and fungal infections, and it can contribute to the treatment of indigestion, colds, colic and also whooping cough. 71 Windsor St, Salisbury, SP2 7EA, UK, The List of Names of Plants Mentioned in the Holy Quran. endobj However, this practice was strongly discouraged by the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and subsequent leaders and viewed as an act of sacrilege on this earth (Farooqi, 1997).During military expeditions, soldiers were instructed not to harm innocent people, nor to cut down any vegetation. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The astounding diversity of the plant kingdom, which incorporates trees, flowering plants, ferns, mosses, seaweed, and algae, has enthralled botanists for centuries. In addition, plants provide nourishment, medicines, shelter, fuel and clothing to humankind and animals alike. References *** The Qur'an provided the initial impetus for the investigation of herbs by Islamic writers, for plants are named in the depiction of Paradise and are used as signs of the Creator's power and majesty . They begin to bear fruit at 3 to 5 years, and reach full production after 10-12 years. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. Mulberry, oak, poplar and willows mentioned in the Bible are probably similar to our present-day trees, all of which grow well here. Dates are high in fiber and an excellent source of potassium. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. (Surat Al-Kahf 16:18). Dont forget to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. Plants are considered a gift from God, and the Quran mentions various plant names such as Date palms, figs, olives, ginger, grapes, miswak, onion, barley, garlic, pomegranates, camphor, Christ's thorns, bottle gourds and other significant therapeutic herbs and plants utilized as food [ 5, 6 ]. The trees, shrubs, and herbs are presented in an innovative way with their scientific names in Arabic and English and a list of their medicinal properties and health and nutritional benefits. Analytical cookies are used to understand how visitors interact with the website. The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". 2018 Feb;57(1):1-11. doi: 10.1007/s10943-015-0079-5. Dates are historically regarded to be of high nutritional value and are a key source of food in the region. There are also 42 plants mentioned in the Sunnah, including Nigella sativa (black cumin), saffron, aloe vera and mustard. Pomegranate juice is a powerful anti-oxidant. To enrich our physiological knowledge of seed germination as a developmental science, various surahs and verses in the Holy Quran describing seed germination is listed (Table 2). You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Ayahs 16-17 of Saba tells part of the story of the kings of Saba. Aim of the study: 'kOU*h)A9F2o0JHEh*N H3n;i%e:Z|t*%baDlg|diuTJef9\T{a>A*)Z- }0JUF>"!\Jh'et$It }* N]aUjvKc{hm1[zE`BWyTW4bmKITs&T+lj'S1~x_2Tivi83("B\Z~OU(IDjzw h9UqVaBSqN f>xGplLH^cc,DM?:d}$OTd38|m[?l&>fu]@.`+2.Y=5FvzLJW&&+bZ(eem#LiNAxd[wbTsH &-qr8Y2 E"O+5#F NcNx;PvT%"DxH|pNC!Qu'DR*My)&7%jdI5 Date-Palm (Quran verse 20) Amazon 3. The garden, which includes a nursery, a restaurant, a classroom and a library, has received half a million visitors since it opened in 2014. Environmental Protection in Islam. and for improving diets and general health (El-Batanony, 1986). Only the female trees produce fruit, but one male tree can produce enough pollen to pollinate 40-50 female trees. 8600 Rockville Pike DUBAI // Fifty-one of the 54 varieties of plants and trees mentioned in the Quran will be found at the emirate's Holy Quran Park when it opens next year. When the Mongols invaded Persia and Central. All rights reserved. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The traditions, life and actions of the Prophet Mohammed as well as the historical context for many of the surahs are the basis for what is called the sunnah, or practice of the Prophet. By clicking Accept, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. 8. Even if there is a charge as light as the weight of a grain of mustard, it will be counted too. Particular plants cited in the Holy Quran were probably mentioned to indicate holy plants such as fig, olive and date palm; or aroma plants such as zinger, basil and chamfer; or to denote popular nutritious plants such as onion, garlic and lentils; also to describe fine particles as the seeds of black mustard or astringent plants such as colocynth. Results and discussion: Ground seeds can be mixed with water to clean the hair and enhance its colour. If humankind attempted to count the blessings of this one favor of Allah, the plant kingdom, it would not be able to fathom the Greatness of the Creator.If we would count up the favors of Allah. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. The Arrangers 62-66 contrast the refreshing fruits found in paradise with the zaqqum tree (Colocynth). The juice of the waxy leaves can be used as a laxative, its bitterness stimulates the stomach and increases digestive capacity. Phoenix dactylifera is the botanical name for the date palm. In these things, there are signs for the people who understand.(Surat Ar-Rad 13:3-4). The arils are often incorrectly referred to as pomegranate seeds. Plants (Basel). Aim of the study: (1) To identify some of the medicinal plants mentioned in the Holy Qur'n and Ahadith textbooks of the period 700-1500 AD; (2) to compare them with presently used traditional medicines; (3) to evaluate their value based on modern research; and (4) to investigate the contributions of Islamic scholars to the development of the . The PubMed wordmark and PubMed logo are registered trademarks of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). We use flowers for decorations, perfumes and to express our feelings. As one reads in Surah Ar-Rahman, So which of the favors of your Lord will you deny?(55:13). Pomegranates were reportedly grown in the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon and in Ancient Egypt. It is also said to remedy vertigo. El-Seedi HR, Kotb SM, Musharraf SG, Shehata AA, Guo Z, Alsharif SM, Saeed A, Hamdi OAA, Tahir HE, Alnefaie R, Verpoorte R, Khalifa SAM. We at Islamic Information strive to gather important information related to Islam on your timeline. The wood of this tree is widely used to manufacture furniture. Phone: +971 507 888 742 Eat of their fruits when they ripen, but pay the due thereof on the day of its harvest, And waste not by extravagance. The sunnah (Prophetic tradition) of putting chewed dates or honey into the mouths of newborn babies at the name-giving ceremony on the 7th day after the childs birth therefore carries great virtue and benefit.According to a study by Al-Shahib and Marshall, in many ways, dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits. The sugar content of ripe dates is about 80%; the remainder consists of protein, fat and mineral products including copper, sulfur, iron, magnesium and fluoric acid. Terms of Use The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". The conceivable meaning of ayahs deals with botanical issues will be discussed in the following section. Distinct plants versus key words describing plants: Generally, only one surah from the Quran is named to indicate a specific plant, the common fig (Ficus), whereas more than one surahs are titled to denote organisms from the animal kingdom such as bees, ants, the cow, livestock, etc. It also provides an opportunity to see which will tolerate the growing conditions of the UAE (some plants are grown indoors, as they would have been brought to the region by traders, primarily as food). It is delicious when served slightly chilled. Pomegranates, along with dates and olives, are also mentioned in the following verse from the Holy Quran, which speaks of the dues that have to be paid upon each harvest, as well as the evil of wastefulness. But their combined effect is to transform a dehydrated, resting embryo with a barely detectable metabolism into one that has a vigorous metabolism culminating in growth (Taylorson, 1989). Substantial plants like wheat and barley are mentioned once more in the Cow 261 to indicate that good work pay off and magnified as one grain produces seven ears, which contains a hundred grains in it. Eastern markets are the primary destination for pomegranates. 1 0 obj Plants of the Quran. The trees, shrubs, and herbs are presented in an innovative way with their scientific names in Arabic and English and a list of their medicinal properties and health and nutritional benefits, said Hana Saif Al Suwaidi, EPAA Chairperson. Although, awareness of the importance of investigating the biological diversity of the universe is increasingly gaining all the attention recently, especially since the organization of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (the Rio Summit), such issue was raised 1400 years ago in the Holy Quran. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. When mature, the seed is the means by which the new individual is dispersed. This article, the third and final part of a series on Plants in the Qur'an, will discuss the characteristics of this red . Allah found that they exchange good food with cheap one, which can be found in any city. El-Seedi HR, Yosri N, Khalifa SAM, Guo Z, Musharraf SG, Xiao J, Saeed A, Du M, Khatib A, Abdel-Daim MM, Efferth T, Gransson U, Verpoorte R. J Ethnopharmacol. (Noble Quran 13:3)Plants, the colourful garments of the earth, play a key role in protecting life on this planet. The seed occupies a critical position in the life history of higher plants. The Egyptian King (Pharos) saw in a dream seven fat cows eaten by another seven leans ones and seven green ears as well as seven another dry. Another reads: "He who has eaten from the garlic plant shouldn't harm us in the mosque. Bairagi J, Saikia PJ, Boro F, Hazarika A. Saudi Pharm J. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. Diverse usage of plants: Plants affect virtually all aspects of human life, either directly or indirectly. A banana tree at the Sharjah Islamic Botanical Garden, Consider these words from Surah Al An'aam about date palms, pomegranates, olives, grapes and grain: "It is He who sends down water from the sky, and with it we bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it we bring forth green stalks, from which we bring forth thick clustered grain. Though the fruit still has untapped potential in the food industry, it also lends itself to countless other uses.Handicrafts, such as ropes and mats can be woven from the branches of the tree, while the bark is very useful as a building material. They include: Camphor, Date palm, Fig, Ginger, Grape, Garlic, Lentil, Olive, Onion, Pomegranate, Summer squash, Sweet basil, Athel tamarisk, Tooth-Brush Tree, Arak, Mustard, Acacia, Cucumber, leek, and Cedrus. References to the pomegranate are found in many ancient cultures. 6. The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". The pomegranate ( ar-Rumman in Arabic), is mentioned thrice in the Qur'an. The holy month is a time of spiritual reflection and prayer for Muslims around the world, and creates a special sense of connectedness to family, community, culture and even nature. Also, plant chemicals have long been exploited by human populations (Cotton, 1996). Do share this important information with your friends and family and also share it on social media. While the foundation of traditional Islamic garden design draws on the culture and conditions of a region, it is also inspired by the descriptions of Jannah (Paradise) found in the Quran and Hadith. Trees, which cover a third of the earth's surface, regulate the climate of the earth by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. This is an important tree to shepherds and desert travellers, providing shade and fodder for sheep. Also, diverse uses of plants and the importance of plants for food and feed, folk medicine, shelter and shade and for every day life is reported distinctly in more than one verse in the Holy Quran. Further research work is required to explore other medicinal plants and their benefits mentioned in the Quran. Olive oil is thought to help break down kidney stones, and olives can potentially act as an appetite stimulant. Business Bay, Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Pomegranates originate from Iran but have become native to the Himalayan regions as well as Northern India , where it has several culinary uses. These seeds stem from sour varieties whose fruits cannot be eaten raw. If you are making planting plans of your own, for when the weather starts to cool around October, perhaps you could imbue your garden, balcony or vegetable patch with new meaning by looking to a selection of species featured at the Islamic Botanical Garden. The juice from the date palm is an ingredient in baking and cooking.Placed in the mouths of newborn babies, eaten at wedding celebrations and at the beginning and end of each day of fasting in Ramadan dates are said to have great medicinal value. Analysis of Islamic stance in the Holy Qur'an on human life origin evolution as postulated by scientists. Plants in traditional and herbal medicine. They were not thankful and believed in the Sun in stead of God. The Quran is divided into 114 surahs, or chapters and the surahs are conventionally assigned to two broad categories: those revealed at Mecca or Medina. It is made as a trial for the unjust. Shrubs include Cymbopogon, Cedrus, Salvadora persica (Arak), Acorus calamus, Buxus dioica, turmeric, Euphorbia pithyusa, astragalus, Cyperus papyrus and Punica granatum (pomegranates). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Olives have been mentioned seven times in the Qur'an and their health benefits have been propounded in Prophetic medicine. About 70% of all food for human consumption comes directly from seeds (mostly those of cereals and legumes) and a large proportion of the remainders is derived from animals that are fed on seeds (Come and Corbineau, 1993). Exploring natural products-based cancer therapeutics derived from egyptian flora. A literature search was performed relating to 12 medicinal plants mentioned in the Holy Qur'n and Ahadith using textbooks, Al-Azhar scholars, published articles, the plant list website (, the medicinal plant names services website ( and web databases (PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar). This website stores cookies on your computer. According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, biodiversity means The variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and ecosystems (UNEP, 1992). Plants supply our foods and many of our drinks. Various types, shapes, taste and color of pomegranate, palms, vines and olive was mentioned in the Livestock 99 and 141 to report species and genetic diversity. Safflower issaid to remedy vertigo. The uses of the pomegranate, as was seen with the two other plants of the Quran, dates and olives, are numerous. To improve visibility, the plants in the Islamic Botanical Garden are arranged by height. The date palm, which is most commonly unbranched, can grow up to 30 meters. Seed germination begins with water uptake by the seed (imbibition) and ends with the start of elongation by the embryonic axis, usually the radical. The date palm is a tall evergreen and consists of both male and female trees (called dioecious). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Trees, which cover a third of the earths surface, regulate the climate of the earth by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. This note may supply the scientific knowledge of plants revealed in the Holy Quran fourteen century ago, may encourage integral ethno-pharmacological exploration of most of those plants, if not actually exists for any of them, may correlate botanical enlightenment with unique religious book like the Holy Quran or may represent an added biological topic to the list of momentous impartial subjects learned from the Holy book. Bees, meanwhile, enjoy the plants white samar flowers to produce unique-tasting black honey. Before California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc., 1997. Those ethnobotanical data were used as a guide in understanding the medicinal and other uses of distinct plants cited in the Holy Quran. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. It is also referred to as nakhl in Arabic, while the fruit of the date palm is called tamr in many Arab and African countries.The date palm is a tall evergreen and consists of both male and female trees (called dioecious). A medical study cited in the British Medical Journal (Haouari et al.) Analytical cookies are used to understand how visitors interact with the website. HHS Vulnerability Disclosure, Help : 242-251. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. The pomegranate (ar-Rumman in Arabic), is mentioned thrice in the Quran. As one reads in Surah Ar-Rahman, So which of the favors of your Lord will you deny? (Surat Ar-Rahman 55:13). This act greatly saddened the Muslims but was deemed necessary. The rind is largely responsible for the storage quality of the fruit, which can be kept for up to six months. The park, which was created by the Environment and Protected Areas Authority (EPAA) five years ago at Sharjah Desert Park, commemorates the occasion when Sharjah was named the Capital of Islamic Culture in 2014. The Islamic Golden Age was a step towards modern medicine, with unique insights and multi-disciplinary aspects. PMC Botanists took three years to gather the plants in collaboration with Unesco, during which the scientific research team procured seasonal plants such as Euphorbia pithyusa and Senna alexandrina from nearby regions. Moreover, seeds such as those of cereals and legumes are themselves major food sources whose importance lies in the storage reserves of protein, starch and oil accumulated during development. (16:18)In this three-part series we will draw on the work of Dr. Iqtidar Faruqis Plants of the Quran to discuss three of the plants mentioned in the Quran and look at their characteristics, uses and benefits in our lives. Fig (Quran verse 1) Leon & George 7. 2022 May 20;10(3):55. doi: 10.3390/pharmacy10030055. Conclusion. 24 December, 2017. During the time of the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him), they were in cultivation throughout Palestine, Syria and Lebanon. The children of Israeli were used to eat rich diet composed of edible birds and mushroom-like food. (Surat Al-Anam 6:141). The significance of biodiversity: Studying biodiversity is essential for conservation of biological resources, maintenance of genetic resources and presence of genetic variation. Palms and vines were mentioned together in more than one site n the Quran including: The Cow 266, The Livestock 99 and 141 etc. Cultivation of most crop species depends on seed germination (Bewely and Black, 1994). Consequently, several books have been published to enumerate the plants mentioned as part of the Hadith or Prophetic Medicine practice (El-Batanony, 1986; El-Gozeiha, 1990). The gardens were impressive and full of various sorts of edible fruits. _2fMV!K$w(oWo~Olz!Tul\Uuc{r;>'WOmlNrE'wImAu|O&MduNpS#N-4[Pf\0F-(}Ld1>l]$]\2UJ|xK(3)U#> Q/>Vh(f9}gk[yu[PBykZ++>\6-('S\*v$)W7[Hu+oa9 Gm>AaLB--j>wR/LoF'?(MFf'v(_0rNn^TA_t 2022 Nov;30(11):1623-1638. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2022.09.005. Mats. This section is about Living in UAE and essential information you cannot live without. Muslims begin and end their day of fasting with its sweet and nourishing flesh. Ayah 11 contrasts various sorts of fruits with palms having sheathed clusters. The two sequential tastes are needed for fitness and delight. Also known as hikmat, Unani Tibb Medicine was developed by the Greek physician Hippocrates (40 370 B.C.) Throughout the month of Ramadan, dates are a common ingredient in the Muslim diet. For example, a quote on beetroot from the Sunna of the Prophet (a collection of the Prophet Mohammed's recommended practices), translates as: "There was a woman owning a beet field and every Friday she used to strip out the beet, put it in a pot, and add a handful of grinder barley to it. Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of the genus Cimicifuga: A review. Pumpkin is a creeping plant and not a tree. Species Survival Commission, 2003. stream Some are used allegorically to illustrate a point of teaching, while others are referenced for their practical uses in food, nutrition and medicine at the time of the Prophet Mohammed. Date fruits vary in size, shape and colour. Higher plants revealed including Ficus carica, Olea europoea, Phoenix dactylifera, Vitis vinifera, Panica granatum, Ocimum basilicum, Dryobalanops camphora, Zingiber officinale, Brassica nigra, Salvadora persica, Tamarix, Zizyphus spina-christi, Citrulus colocynthis, Cucurbita pepo, Cucumis sativus, Allium sativum, A. cepa, lens esculents, Musa sapientum, Hordeum vulgare, Triticum vulgare and Trifolium. 1. The Role of the Qur'an and Sunnah in Oral Health. The tree produces a nutrient-rich fruit, which can be consumed as both food and medicine it relieves acidity and cleanses the kidneys. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. They brought Josef from the prison in order to interpret the dream. Sometimes, the testa exists in a rudimentary form only, the prominent outermost structure being the pericarp or fruit coat derived from the ovary wall; in these cases, the dispersal unit is not a seed, but a fruit. Verily, in these things there are signs for a people who believe.". Never would ye be able to number them. The date palm is one of the many bounties that have been placed on this earth for us to benefit from. Khatibi, A., A.H. Shah, A.M. Ageel, M.S. The garden drew upon the academic work of Indian scientist Dr MIH Farooqi and his writing for Plants of the Quran and Medicinal Plants in the Traditions of Prophet Muhammad. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. Bagader, AA, El-Sabbagh, AT, Al-Glayand, M and Izzi-Deen Samarrai, 1994. Sharjah: The first Islamic Botanical Garden located in Sharjah houses around 50 plants mentioned in the Holy Quran and Sunnah. The site is secure. Here the instruction was to eat the ripe fruits and pay the due of it in the day of harvesting without being excessive. Tamani Arts Building, The sun shining on it all the day from the dawn until the sunset. Plants also fulfill a beautifying and decorative function. Deira, Dubai, UAE It grown as the heads of the serpents and shall be the only food in the hell. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. The Quran as a whole is divided into thirty parts, which in turn are divided into short divisions of nearly equal length, to facilitate study and memorization. 2016 Dec;55(6):1954-67. doi: 10.1007/s10943-015-0095-5. Well send you latest news updates through the day.
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